Current strategies to treat tuberculosis (TB) and co-morbidities involve multidrug combination therapies. Rifamycin antibiotics are a key component of TB therapy and a common source of drug–drug interactions (DDIs) due to induction of drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs). Management of rifamycin DDIs are complex, particularly in patients with co-morbidities, and differences in DDI potential between rifamycin antibiotics are not well established. DME profiles induced in response to tuberculosis antibiotics (rifampin, rifabutin and rifapentine) were compared in primary human hepatocytes. We identified rifamycin induced DMEs, cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C8/3A4/3A5, SULT2A, and UGT1A4/1A5 and predicted lower DDIs of rifapentine with 58 clinical drugs used to treat co-morbidities in TB patients. Transcriptional networks and upstream regulator analyses showed FOXA3, HNF4α, NR1I2, NR1I3, NR3C1 and RXRα as key transcriptional regulators of rifamycin induced DMEs. Our study findings are an important resource to design effective medication regimens to treat common co-conditions in TB patients.
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