Heterocyclic aromatic N-oxides often have potent biological activities, but the mechanism for aromatic N-oxidation is unclear. Six phenazine antibiotics were isolated from Lysobacter antibioticus OH13. A 10 gene cluster was identified for phenazine biosynthesis. Mutation of LaPhzNO1 abolished all N-oxides, while non-oxides markedly increased. LaPhzNO1 is homologous to Baeyer-Villiger flavoproteins but was shown to catazlye phenazine N-oxidation. LaPhzNO1 and LaPhzS together converted phenazine 1,6-dicarboxylic acid to 1,6-dihydroxyphenazine N5,N10-dioxide. LaPhzNO1 also catalyzed N-oxidation of 8-hydroxyquinoline.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry