Hiatal hernia repair with biologic mesh reinforcement reduces recurrence rate in small hiatal hernias

E. Schmidt, A. Shaligram, J. F. Reynoso, V. Kothari, Dmitry Oleynikov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The utility of mesh reinforcement for small hiatal hernia found especially during antireflux surgery is unknown. Initial reports for the use of biological mesh for crural reinforcement during repair for defects greater than 5cm have been shown to decrease recurrence rates. This study compares patients with small hiatal hernias who underwent onlay biologic mesh buttress repair versus those with suture cruroplasty alone. This is a single-institution retrospective review of all patients undergoing repair of hiatal hernia measuring 1-5cm between 2002 and 2009. The patients were evaluated based on surgical repair: one group undergoing crural reinforcement with onlay biologic mesh and other group with suture cruroplasty only. Seventy patients with hiatal hernia measuring 1-5cm were identified. Thirty-eight patients had hernia repair with biologic mesh, and 32 patients had repair with suture cruroplasty only. Recurrence rate at 1 year was 16% (5/32) in patients who had suture cruroplasty only and 0% (0/38) in the group with crural reinforcement with absorbable mesh (statistically significant, P=0.017). Suture cruroplasty alone appears to be inadequate for hiatal hernias measuring 1-5cm with significant recurrence rate and failure of antireflux surgery. Crural reinforcement with absorbable mesh may reduce hiatal hernia recurrence rate in small hiatal hernias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • Biologic mesh
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Laparoscopy
  • Paraesophageal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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