Hiatal hernia repair with mesh: A survey of SAGES members

Constantine T. Frantzides, Mark A. Carlson, Sofronis Loizides, Anastasia Papafili, Mihn Luu, Jacob Roberts, Tallal Zeni, Alexander Frantzides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations


Background Primary repair of large hiatal hernia is associated with a high recurrence rate. The use of mesh may reduce this recurrence rate. The indication for mesh use, the type of mesh to use, and the placement technique are controversial. A survey of surgeon practice was undertaken to obtain a better understanding of the controversies surrounding this clinical problem. Methods A questionnaire on the technique and results of mesh hiatal herniorrhaphy was sent to 1,192 members of the Society of Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES). Results There were 275 responses; 261 of these were analyzed. A total of 5,486 hiatal hernia repairs with mesh were reported; 77% and 23% were performed laparoscopically vs open, respectively. The most common indication for mesh usage was an increased size hiatal defect (46% of respondents). The most common mesh types were biomaterial (28%), polytetrafluoroethylene (25%), and polypropylene (21%). Suture anchorage was the most common fixation technique (56% of respondents). The findings showed a failure rate of 3%, a stricture rate of 0.2%, and an erosion rate of 0.3%. Biomaterial tended to be associated with failure, whereas nonabsorbable mesh tended to be associated with stricture and erosion. Conclusions The use of mesh during hiatal hernia repair resulted in a reported recurrence rate which appeared to be lower than that obtained historically without mesh. No one mesh type was clearly superior in terms of avoiding failure and complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1017-1024
Number of pages8
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomaterial
  • Erosion
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Hiatal hernia repair
  • Hiatal herniorrhaphy
  • Mesh
  • Paraesophageal hernia
  • Prosthetic
  • Recurrence
  • Stricture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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