N,N′,N″-triethylenethiophosphoramide (thiotepa) is a polyfunctional alkylating agent similar in structure to nitrogen mustard. Thiotepa (synthesized by American Cyanamid Company, Wayne, NJ) underwent clinical trials in the 1960s that showed that it was active against a wide variety of tumors. At a standard dose level (10 to 30 mg/m2), the dose-limiting toxicity is myelosuppression; other toxicities are infrequent. Therefore, high-dose phase I evaluation was encouraged by these observations. Approximately 217 patients have been treated with single-agent high-dose thiotepa administered intravenously daily over 2 hours for 3 days followed by hematopoietic stem cell rescue to prevent prolonged myelotoxicity. The total doses administered ranged from 135 to 1,575 mg/m2. As anticipated, myelotoxicity was substantial, with 180 mg/m2 being the highest dose not requiring stem cell rescue to ensure hematopoietic recovery. Extramedullary toxicities consisted of stomatitis, dermatitis, hepatoxicity, and central nervous system (CNS) toxicity. CNS toxicity was dose-limiting; other toxicities were problematic, ie, dose-dependent but not truly dose-limiting. The maximal tolerated dose of thiotepa is 900 to 1,125 mg/m2, with the lower dose being the maximal dose for evaluation in combination chemotherapy. In high-dose phase I evaluation, the overall response rate was approximately 50% with responses seen in a wide variety of solid tumors, lymphomas, and pediatric tumors. High-dose thiotepa appears to be an alkylating agent with broad-spectrum antitumor efficacy, which should add to the cytoreductive regimens for both solid and hematopoietic tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Seminars in Oncology|
|Issue number||1 SUPPL. 3|
|State||Published - Feb 1990|
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