High pressure processing (HPP) of aronia berry purée: Effects on physicochemical properties, microbial counts, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant capacities

Bo Yuan, Mary Grace C. Danao, Jayne E. Stratton, Steven A. Weier, Curtis L. Weller, Mei Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of high pressure processing (HPP) at 200 to 600 MPa for 2.5 or 5 min on physicochemical properties (color, pH, titratable acidity, total soluble solids content/TSSC, pulp content, particle size distribution, and viscosity), microbial counts (aerobic bacteria, yeast and mold counts), bioactive compounds (total phenolic and anthocyanin contents), and antioxidant capacities (DPPH radical scavenging capacity and ferric reducing antioxidant power) of aronia berry purée were investigated. All measurements were compared between HPP treated and untreated purées. TSSC and viscosity decreased significantly when pressurized above 400 MPa for 2.5 min and at all HPP conditions, respectively. Other physicochemical properties changed insignificantly after HPP. Pressurization at 400 and 600 MPa both effectively reduced yeasts and molds to below 1 log CFU/g, and reduced aerobic bacteria to <2 log CFU/g only when pressurized for 5 min. No significant reduction in phenolic contents or antioxidant capacities in pressurized purée was observed. Industrial relevance: Purée is a feasible form of aronia berry used as food product, considering the astringent taste of whole aronia berry. The results of this study suggest that HPP will significantly reduce the microbial counts of aronia berry purée, while retaining antioxidant capacities and most physicochemical properties of aronia berry purée. The outcomes could help the food industry apply HPP to the commercial production of aronia berry purée-based food products to meet the quality standards with safety ensured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-255
Number of pages7
JournalInnovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies
Volume47
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Antioxidant capacity
  • Aronia berry purée
  • Bioactive compounds
  • High pressure processing (HPP)
  • Microbial counts
  • Physicochemical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'High pressure processing (HPP) of aronia berry purée: Effects on physicochemical properties, microbial counts, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant capacities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this