Highly efficient removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution by pinecone biochar supported nanoscale zero-valent iron coupling with Shewanella oneidensis MR-1

Liying Ma, Yaguang Du, Shaohua Chen, Dongyun Du, Hengpeng Ye, Tian C. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) has been extensively used to remove various pollutants. However, the rapid deactivation due to aggregation and surface passivation severely limits its practical application. In this study, a novel composite with nZVI supported by pinecone biochar (nZVI-PBC) was successfully synthesized and used for the removal of high concentration Cr(VI) from aqueous solution in the presence of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 (MR-1). The results showed that the nZVI-PBC coupling with MR-1 (nZVI-PBC/MR-1) exhibited an excellent removal performance for high concentration Cr(VI) compared to the nZVI-PBC alone. Under optimal conditions, 100 mg/L Cr(VI) could be removed completely by nZVI-PBC/MR-1 within 48 h, while only 39.50% of Cr(VI) was removed by nZVI-PBC alone. The improvement of Cr(VI) removal is due to the dissolution of the surface passivation layer of nZVI-PBC, formation of sorbed Fe(II) in the presence of MR-1, and an important role of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) derived from MR-1. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Cr K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectra (XANES) confirmed that most Cr(VI) was reduced to insoluble Cr(III) and formed Cr2O3, CrxFe1-x(OH)3 and FeCr2O4 precipitates, and a small amount of unreduced Cr(VI) was immobilized through adsorption and complexation. The results suggest that nZVI-PBC/MR-1 can effectively overcome the limitations of nZVI and achieve highly efficient removal of high concentration Cr(VI).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number132184
JournalChemosphere
Volume287
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Hexavalent chromium removal
  • Nanoscale zero-valent iron
  • Passivation layer
  • Pinecone biochar
  • Shewanella oneidensis MR-1
  • Sorbed Fe(II)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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