HISTAMINE PRODUCTION BY FOOD‐BORNE BACTERIAL SPECIES

STEVE L. TAYLOR, LINDA S. GUTHERTZ, MATTHEW LEATHERWOOD FRED TILLMAN, ELLEN R. LIEBER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

A total of 112 bacterial strains representing 38 species were tested for their potential to elicit food poisoning outbreaks via histamine formation in foods. Proteus morganii and Enterobacter aerogenes displayed a quantitative superiority in terms of histamine production on a trypticase‐soy broth‐histidine (TSBH) medium and a tuna fish infusion broth (TFIB). When bacteria were incubated under standardized conditions in TSBH medium, histamine accumulated to levels exceeding 50 nmoles/ml of media with a total of 23 strains, including 13 of 15 P. morganii strains, 3 of 3 E. aerogenes strains, 3 of 12 Hafnia alvei strains, 1 of 4 Providencia alcalifaciens strains, 1 of 5 Enterobacter cloacae strains, 1 of 1 Proteus rettgeri strains, and 1 of 1 Citrobacter diversus strains. However, only 8 of the 15 P. morganii strains and the 3 E. aerogenes strains were capable of generating histamine in excess of 200 nmoles/ml in the TSBH medium. Of the 23 strains capable of appreciable histamine production in TSBH medium, P. morganii and E. aerogenes were, by far, the most prolific histamine producers in TFIB. Of the organisms tested, only P. morganii and E. aerogenes would appear to have the capability of forming sufficient histamine in scombroid fish products to elicit food poisoning outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-187
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Food Safety
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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    TAYLOR, STEVE. L., GUTHERTZ, LINDA. S., TILLMAN, MATTHEW. LEATHERWOOD. FRED., & LIEBER, ELLEN. R. (1978). HISTAMINE PRODUCTION BY FOOD‐BORNE BACTERIAL SPECIES. Journal of Food Safety, 1(3), 173-187. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4565.1978.tb00271.x