Blood-brain barrier (BBB) compromise and transendothelial migration of HIV-infected leukocytes into the central nervous system (CNS) underlies the neuropathogenesis of HIV-1 infection. How this occurs is incompletely understood. We used a proteomic platform integrating difference gel electrophoresis and tandem mass spectrometry peptide sequencing to determine the effects that HIV-1-infected macrophages have on human brain microvascular endothelial cell (HBMEC) protein profiles. HIV-1 infected monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) induced the upregulation of over 200 HBMEC proteins. These included metabolic, voltage-gated ion channels, heat shock, transport, cytoskeletal, regulatory, and calcium binding proteins. Results were validated by Western blot analysis. We conclude that HIV-1-infected MDM affect the HBMEC proteome and, in this way, affect BBB dysfunction and the development of HIV-1 CNS disease.
- 2D difference gel electrophoresis
- Human brain microvascular endothelial cells
- Human immunodeficiency virus
- Monocyte-derived macrophages
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology