HIV-1 Tat and cocaine impact astrocytic energy reservoirs and epigenetic regulation by influencing the LINC01133-hsa-miR-4726-5p-NDUFA9 axis

Mayur Doke, Jay P. McLaughlin, James J. Cai, Gurudutt Pendyala, Fatah Kashanchi, Mansoor A. Khan, Thangavel Samikkannu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clinical research has proven that HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals with cocaine abuse show behavioral and neurocognitive disorders. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), such as long ncRNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), are known to regulate gene expression in the contexts of HIV infection and drug abuse. However, there are no specific lncRNA or miRNA biomarkers associated with HIV-1 Transactivator of transcription protein (Tat) and cocaine coexposure. In the central nervous system (CNS), astrocytes are the primary regulators of energy metabolism, and impairment of the astrocytic energy supply can trigger neurodegeneration. The aim of this study was to uncover the roles of lncRNAs and miRNAs in the regulation of messenger RNA (mRNA) targets affected by HIV infection and cocaine abuse. Integrative bioinformatics analysis revealed altered expression of 10 lncRNAs, 10 miRNAs, and 4 mRNA/gene targets in human primary astrocytes treated with cocaine and HIV-1 Tat. We assessed the alterations in the expression of two miRNAs, hsa-miR-2355 and hsa-miR-4726-5p; four lncRNAs, LINC01133, H19, HHIP-AS1, and NOP14-AS1; and four genes, NDUFA9, KYNU, HKDC1, and LIPG. The results revealed interactions in the LINC01133-hsa-miR-4726-5p-NDUFA9 axis that may eventually help us understand cocaine- and HIV-1 Tat-induced astrocyte dysfunction that may ultimately result in neurodegeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-258
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 2022

Keywords

  • HIV-associated dementia
  • LINC01133
  • NDUFA9
  • cocaine
  • energy metabolism
  • hsa-miR-4726-5p

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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