HLA-D types and serum IgG responses to capnocytophaga in diabetes and periodontitis

J. K. Dyer, M. A. Peck, R. A. Reinhardt, W. C. Duckworth, S. J. Booth, G. J. Seymour, K. D. Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serum IgG responses to the cell envelope proteins (CEPs) from Capnocytophaga sputigena, Capnocytophaga ochracea, and Capnocytophaga gingivalis were examined in periodontally healthy and periodontitis subjects, both with and without type 1 diabetes (n = 60). Serum IgG responses to CEPs were determined by immunoblotting with biotin-goat anti-human IgG and an alkaline phosphatase-streptavidin system. Reactivity was analyzed by transmission densitometry, digitization, and computer manipulation. The patients with diabetes showed significantly (p < 0.01) fewer responses to 14 CEPs (from 81 to 10 kDa) from C. sputigena, 5 CEPs (from 90 to 17 kDa) from C. gingivalis, and the 27-kDa CEP from C. ochracea than in the non-diabetic group. The periodontitis patients showed significantly (p < 0.01) fewer responses to the 25-and 11-kDa CEPs from C. sputigena, the 125- and 17-kDa CEPs from C. gingivalis, and the 42-kDa CEP from C. ochracea than in the periodontally healthy group. HLA-DR4, HLA-DR53, and HLA-DQw3 were associated with periodontitis, while only HLA-DR4 was associated with diabetes (p < 0.02). Significant (p < 0.01) correlations were found between HLA-DR2 and IgG reactivity patterns associated with non-diabetics, and between HLA-DR4 and IgG reactivity patterns associated with diabetic and periodontitis subjects. These results indicate that both type 1 diabetics and periodontitis subjects have a depressed IgG antibody profile to Capnocytophaga, which may account for an increased susceptibility to periodontitis infection. Periodontitis in type 1 diabetes may be related more to the HLA-D type and altered immune function than to the diabetes itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1825-1832
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume76
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Capnocytophaga
  • Diabetes
  • HLA-D
  • IgG
  • Periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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