How General is Control Balance Theory? Evidence from Ukraine

Lorine A. Hughes, Olena Antonaccio, Ekaterina V. Botchkovar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This study tests control balance theory using interview data from a random sample of adults in a large city in Ukraine. This is the first empirical assessment of the theory to employ a random sample of adults in a nonwestern culture, and it is one of only two studies to incorporate Tittle’s theoretical revisions and measurement strategy for the control ratio. Although we found no evidence of a relationship between projected deviance and a dichotomous measure of control imbalance, respondents with a relatively large control imbalance were significantly more likely to project deviance than were other respondents. In addition, findings provide partial support for predicted contingent relationships involving constraint and self-control. We discuss possible ways in which the socio-cultural circumstances of Ukraine help to explain these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)950-975
Number of pages26
JournalJustice Quarterly
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2 2015


  • Ukraine
  • control balance theory
  • cross-cultural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

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