How many people should be in the urban forest? A comparison of trail preferences of Vienna and Sapporo forest visitor segments

Arne Arnberger, Tetsuya Aikoh, Renate Eder, Yasushi Shoji, Taro Mieno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differences in trail preferences for social conditions of visitors to forests in Vienna and Sapporo were investigated in 2006 using a standardised image-based stated choice approach. On-site visitors to two comparable peri-urban forests - the Lobau Forest in Vienna, Austria (n=373), and the Nopporo Forest in Sapporo, Japan (n=256) - evaluated the same sets of computer manipulated images depicting 128 trail scenarios with different levels of social stimulation. Latent class segmentations, in three sub-segments of similar sizes, differentiated by partly opposite preferences for social conditions, were derived for both samples. A positive contribution of social stimulation to preferences was found for about 17% of Nopporo and 9% of Lobau respondents, while for close to 50% of Lobau respondents and 38% of Nopporo respondents very low levels of social stimulation were preferred. The results indicate that urban forests should be managed for users with a desire for low social densities as well as a denser social setting providing some levels of social stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-225
Number of pages11
JournalUrban Forestry and Urban Greening
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crowding
  • Social stimulation
  • Stated choice
  • Trail use
  • Urban forest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Ecology
  • Soil Science

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