How statistical learning interacts with the socioeconomic environment to shape children's language development

Leyla Eghbalzad, Joanne A. Deocampo, Christopher M. Conway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Language is acquired in part through statistical learning abilities that encode environmental regularities. Language development is also heavily influenced by social environmental factors such as socioeconomic status. However, it is unknown to what extent statistical learning interacts with SES to affect language outcomes. We measured event-related potentials in 26 children aged 8-12 while they performed a visual statistical learning task. Regression analyses indicated that children's learning performance moderated the relationship between socioeconomic status and both syntactic and vocabulary language comprehension scores. For children demonstrating high learning, socioeconomic status had a weaker effect on language compared to children showing low learning. These results suggest that high statistical learning ability can provide a buffer against the disadvantages associated with being raised in a lower socioeconomic status household.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0244954
JournalPloS one
Volume16
Issue number1 January
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'How statistical learning interacts with the socioeconomic environment to shape children's language development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this