Campylobacter jejuni 81-176 grown in vivo in rabbit ileal loops expresses novel proteins that are not expressed under standard laboratory culture conditions. A new protein with a molecular mass of ca. 180 kDa is expressed at 14, 24, and 48 h of infection. Three other proteins, with molecular masses of ca. 66, 43, and 35 kDa, are overexpressed during different phases of infection. Expression of these proteins stops immediately during the first passage in laboratory media, and they do not elicit a human immune response. Two other proteins, with molecular masses of ca. 84 and 47 kDa, expressed 48 h after infection can be identified by using convalescent sera from human volunteers who were immune to C. jejuni infection upon rechallenge; these proteins were not visualized on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis gels by Coomassie blue staining or silver staining. Antibodies to the 84- and 47-kDa proteins are of the immunoglobulin G class. Both preinfection and convalescent human sera react strongly to the C. jejuni flagellin (a 58-kDa protein), suggesting the presence of cross-reactive antibodies to this protein in healthy humans. Major outer membrane protein and flagella may play a role in providing protection against C. jejuni disease, but our data suggest that there are other proteins expressed only during in vivo growth of the organism that elicit a strong immune response in human C. jejuni infections.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Infection and immunity|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases