Humanized-BLT mouse model of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection

Lin Xu Wang, Guobin Kang, Pankaj Kumar, Wuxun Lu, Yue Li, You Zhou, Qingsheng Li, Charles Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lack of an effective small-animal model to study the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) infection in vivo has hampered studies on the pathogenesis and transmission of KSHV. The objective of our study was to determine whether the humanized BLT (bone marrow, liver, and thymus) mouse (hu-BLT) model generated from NOD/SCID/IL2rγ mice can be a useful model for studying KSHV infection.We have tested KSHV infection of hu-BLT mice via various routes of infection, including oral and intravaginal routes, to mimic natural routes of transmission, with recombinant KSHV over a 1- or 3-mo period. Infection was determined by measuring viral DNA, latent and lytic viral transcripts and antigens in various tissues by PCR, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemical staining. KSHV DNA, as well as both latent and lytic viral transcripts and proteins, were detected in various tissues, via various routes of infection. Using double-labeled immune-fluorescence confocal microscopy, we found that KSHV can establish infection in human B cells and macrophages. Our results demonstrate that KSHV can establish a robust infection in the hu-BLT mice, via different routes of infection, including the oral mucosa which is the most common natural route of infection. This hu-BLT mouse not only will be a useful model for studying the pathogenesis of KSHV in vivo but can potentially be used to study the routes and spread of viral infection in the infected host.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3146-3151
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume111
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • HHV-8
  • Humanized mice
  • Mucosa transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this