A combined quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM, QM = UB3LYP-D3, MM = AMBER) method is used to study the hydrogen abstraction reaction in P450cam catalyzed hydroxylation of camphor in the quartet state. Compared to QM/MM calculations in the literature, this study uses larger basis sets for the most important atoms at the active site and QM/MM Hessian harmonic frequency calculations to determine the standard Gibbs free energy of activation and kinetic isotope effect. The QM/MM covalent boundary is treated with a capping hydrogen atom method, which is simple and robust. An energy barrier of 21.3 kcal/mol and a standard free energy of activation of 16.8 kcal/mol are obtained for this hydrogen abstraction reaction. These values are similar to those reported in the literature, suggesting that when a general protocol is followed, QM/MM results are reproducible. It is found that using a sufficiently large basis set is important to minimize basis set errors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry