During tourniquet application, blood flow is restricted to a limb to stop excessive limb hemorrhage in a trauma setting and to create a bloodless operating field in the surgical setting. During tourniquet-related ischemia, aerobic respiration stops, and ATP is depleted, and during subsequent reperfusion, there is an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and other endogenous substances, which leads to acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injuries, including tissue necrosis and skeletal muscle contractile dysfunction. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy can increase the arterial oxygen tension in the tissues of patients with general hypoxia/anoxia, including carbon monoxide poisoning, circulatory arrest, and cerebral and myocardial ischemia. Here, we studied the protective effects of HBO pretreatment with 100% oxygen at 2.5 ATA against tourniquet/IR injury in mice. After one hour of HBO therapy with 100% oxygen at 2.5 ATA was administered to C57/BL6 mice, a rubber band was placed at the hip joint of the unilateral hindlimb to induce 3 h of ischemia and then released for 48 h of reperfusion. We analyzed gastrocnemius muscle morphology and contractile function and measured the levels of ATP and ROS accumulation in the muscles. HBO pretreatment did not improve tourniquet/IR-injured gastrocnemius muscle morphology and muscle contraction. Tourniquet/IR mice with HBO pretreatment showed no increase in ATP levels in IR tissues, but they did have a decreased amount of ROS accumulation in the muscles, compared to IR mice with no HBO pretreatment. These data suggest that one hour of HBO pretreatment with 100% oxygen at 2.5 ATA increases the antioxidant response to lower ROS accumulation but does not increase ATP levels in IR muscles and improve tourniquet/IR-injured muscle morphology and contractile function.
- Acute ischemia-reperfusion injury
- Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
- Reactive oxygen species
- Skeletal muscle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine