"I know I know it, I know I saw it": The stability of the confidence-accuracy relationship across domains

Brian H. Bornstein, Douglas J. Zickafoose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

If the relationship between confidence and accuracy extended across domains, then one could assess performance in a known domain and use it to estimate performance in another domain. The stability of the confidence-accuracy relationship across the domains of eyewitness memory and general knowledge was investigated. The major findings of Experiment 1 were that in both domains participants were overconfident, yet more confident on correct than on incorrect responses, and that the degrees of overconfidence, calibration, and resolution in the 2 domains were positively correlated. Experiment 2 replicated these findings and showed that feedback about overconfidence reduced overall confidence levels but did not improve calibration or resolution. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of metamemory and individual differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-88
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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