Human C fragment C5a is known to be a proinflammatory mediator and more recently shown to be a potent modulator of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity. We recently reported that natural and recombinant C5a induces the synthesis of IL-6-specific mRNA and secreted protein from human monocytes. Our studies using analogue peptides that are homologous to the carboxyl- terminal sequence of human C5a, indicate that the 'effector' site for inducing IL-6 synthesis resides within the C-terminal region (C5a (70-74)) of the C5a molecule. C5a peptides containing the exact sequence of the natural factor were found to retain full agonist activity but exhibited low potency (0.01-0.1% of intact C5a). It was also shown that amino acid substitutions in the C5a peptides by aromatic/hydrophobic residues, outside the immediate effector site, resulted in analogue peptides with a substantial increase in potency relative to the most active natural peptide (C5a (56-74)). Moreover, these peptides approach the potency of natural C5a for induction of IL-6. Taken together, these results suggest that the inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities associated with C5a may, in part, be due to the synthesis of IL-6.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy