Identification of 5' and 3' sequences involved in the regulation of transcription of the human mdr1 gene in vivo

M. J. Madden, C. S. Morrow, M. Nakagawa, M. E. Goldsmith, C. R. Fairchild, K. H. Cowan

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86 Scopus citations


The human mdr1 gene encodes a putative drug efflux pump (P-glycoprotein) whose overexpression is associated with the development of multidrug resistance (MDR). The promoter and 5'-flanking DNA of this gene were isolated from a human genomic DNA library and used to prepare a series of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) fusion vectors under the transcriptional control of the mdr1 promoter (mdrCAT vectors). Transient transfection of these mdrCAT vectors produced CAT activities similar to those produced by transfection of CAT vectors containing viral promoters. The regulation of mdr1 expression was examined in two MDR tumor cell lines selected for resistance to doxorubicin and their corresponding parental cell lines. Although nuclear run-on analysis indicates that the expression of the mdr1 gene in these two MDR cell lines is regulated by transcriptional mechanisms, mdrCAT expression was not significantly increased in either of these lines relative to parental cells. Thus, the sequences involved in the transcriptional regulation in these cells are apparently not included in the constructs studied (-4741 to +286). Analyses of a series of deletion constructs show that the basal mdr1 promoter activity is encoded by sequences that span a region adjacent to the transcription start site (-134 to +286) and that sequences 3' to the start of mdr1 transcription are necessary for proper initiation of transcription in vivo. Structural and functional studies indicate that an initiator (Inr) sequence surrounding the major transcription start site governs accurate initiation of mdr1 transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8290-8297
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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