Identifying legal, ecological and governance obstacles, and opportunities for adapting to climate change

Barbara Cosens, Lance Gunderson, Craig Allen, Melinda Harm Benson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Current governance of regional scale water management systems in the United States has not placed them on a path toward sustainability, as conflict and gridlock characterize the social arena and ecosystem services continue to erode. Changing climate may continue this trajectory, but it also provides a catalyst for renewal of ecosystems and a window of opportunity for change in institutions. Resilience provides a bridging concept that predicts that change in ecological and social systems is often dramatic, abrupt, and surprising. Adapting to the uncertainty of climate driven change must be done in a manner perceived as legitimate by the participants in a democratic society. Adaptation must begin with the current hierarchical and fragmented social-ecological system as a baseline from which new approaches must be applied. Achieving a level of integration between ecological concepts and governance requires a dialogue across multiple disciplines, including ecologists with expertise in ecological resilience, hydrologists and climate experts, with social scientists and legal scholars. Criteria and models that link ecological dynamics with policies in complex, multi-jurisdictional water basins with adaptive management and governance frameworks may move these social-ecological systems toward greater sustainability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2338-2356
Number of pages19
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2014


  • Adaptive governance
  • Ecological resilience
  • Social-ecological system
  • Sustainability
  • Water law

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Identifying legal, ecological and governance obstacles, and opportunities for adapting to climate change'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this