Genes and proteins involved in insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 signaling are thought to be differentially expressed in older versus younger mammalian skeletal muscle following acute exercise. The purpose of this study was to examine how multiple bouts of conventional resistance training meant to elicit hypertrophy affect the mRNA expression of IGF-1EA and IGF-1EC (MGF) as well as the expression of total IGF-1 peptides in human skeletal muscle. Ten younger (18-25 years) and 10 older (60-75 years) males completed three sequential workouts (M, W, F) consisting of nine sets of lower body exercises with ten repetitions per set at an intensity of 80% of one repetition maximum. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were collected prior to intervention (T1), 48 h following workout 1 (T2), 48 h following workout 2 (T3), and 24 h following workout 3 (T4). RT-PCR was performed to assess baseline and changes in MGF and IGF-IEA mRNA. Samples were also assayed for total muscle IGF-1 peptides using ELISA-based methods. There were no baseline differences in MGF or IGF-1EA mRNA expression and IGF-1 peptides between age groups. Interestingly, MGF expression increased at T2-T4 in the older group relative to baseline values (p < 0.05), albeit muscle IGF-1EA mRNA and IGF-1 peptides remained stably expressed throughout the intervention in both age groups. Repeated conventional exercise bouts resulted in a summative increase in MGF mRNA expression only in older individuals which is contrary to previous research examining this gene at different post-exercise time points, albeit the physiological consequences of these findings remain unknown.
- Resistance exercise
- Skeletal muscle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Physiology (medical)