IgG antibody subclass response to Porphyromonas gingivalis outer membrane antigens in gingivitis and adult periodontitis.

B. Polak, J. B. Vance, J. K. Dyer, P. S. Bird, E. Gemmell, R. A. Reinhardt, G. J. Seymour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Porphyromonas gingivalis is an important oral pathogen with a strong association with adult periodontitis. Significant titers of specific IgG antibodies to P. gingivalis can be found in the sera of both gingivitis and periodontitis patients. Since IgG subclasses have different biological characteristics, the present study dealt with the serum IgG subclass response to outer membrane antigens of P. gingivalis. Western blot analysis of P. gingivalis outer membrane was carried out using 20 adult periodontitis and 20 age- and sex-matched gingivitis patients. Antibodies in sera of both adult periodontitis and gingivitis patients recognized 38 antigen bands, ranging in molecular mass from 11.1 to 161 kDa. IgG2 was the predominant antibody subclass response in both patient groups in terms of the numbers of outer membrane antigens recognized, followed by IgG3, IgG1, and IgG4. More antigens in all IgG subclasses except IgG4 were recognized in adult periodontitis cases. Of the 23 antigens identified by IgG2 antibodies, 9 were recognized predominantly in adult periodontitis and 3 in the gingivitis group. In the IgG1 subclass, 4 antigens were recognized predominantly in the adult periodontitis group while only 1 antigen was recognized significantly more in the gingivitis group. The IgG3 response identified 14 antigens ranging in molecular mass from 11.1 to 61.2 kDa in both groups. Ten antigens were recognized significantly by the adult periodontitis group. The lowest response was seen by IgG4 antibodies, with only 3 antigens of molecular mass 61.2, 52.3, and 38.8 kDa recognized, the latter two significantly in the adult periodontitis group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-368
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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