Cell-mediated tissue destruction, such as that occurring in allograft rejection, is thought to be mediated by Th1 cells and cytokines. We have recently shown that transgenic expression of the Th2 cytokine IL-4 by pancreatic β cells completely protects nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice from autoimmune diabetes by inducing functional tolerance among autoreactive T cells. To investigate whether local IL-4 production could also induce functional tolerance among alloreactive T cells and thus prevent allograft rejection, we transplanted pancreata from transgenic neonatal mice and their nontransgenic littermates into allogeneic hosts. Within 2 wk, recipient mice had rejected their grafts regardless of the transgene's presence or absence. Considering that the vigorous immune response induced might have prevented any effect by IL-4, we injected recipient mice with anti-CD4 and anti-CD8 mAbs, thereby depleting them of T cells and thus providing the islets with an opportunity to mature and grow. This approach indeed delayed rejection of neonatal pancreata from nontransgenic mice by >1 wk. By that time however, pancreata from transgenic mice had also been rejected. Our results indicate that the allograft rejection response under these conditions, in contrast to the autoimmune response in NOD mice, cannot be regulated by local IL-4 production, regardless of the cytokine's impact on Th1 cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Aug 15 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy