Imaging Concordance With Vein Sampling for Primary Aldosteronism: A Cohort Study and Literature Review

Sara Cartwright, Ma Kayla Gordon, Jessica Shank, Abbey Fingeret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is used to distinguish unilateral from bilateral aldosterone hypersecretion as a cause of primary aldosteronism (PA). Unilateral disease is treated with adrenalectomy and bilateral hypersecretion managed medically. Methods: We performed a single institution retrospective cohort study of adult patients undergoing adrenalectomy for PA from July 2013 to June 2022. Concordance of imaging findings with AVS was evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed with Mann-Whitney U and chi-squared Fisher's exact. Literature review performed via triple method search strategy. Results: Twenty-one patients underwent AVS and adrenalectomy for PA. Two patients did not have imaging findings and 19 were localized with an adenoma. For patients with image localization, AVS was concordant in nine, discordant in four, and nondiagnostic in six. For patients with discordant findings, age range was 35.8 to 72.4 y compared with concordant patient age range of 49.8 to 71.7 y. Overall discordance between imaging results and AVS was 40%. The aldosterone level was associated with concordance with a median of 52 ng/dL compared with 26 ng/dL if discordant (P = 0.002). There was a significant reduction in antihypertensive medications for the entire cohort from a median of three medications (interquartile range 2-4) to 1 medication (interquartile range 1-2), P < 0.001. Conclusions: In this cohort, 40% of patients with selective AVS had discordant imaging and AVS results. Aldosterone level was associated with concordance. Hypertension was significantly improved with a median decrease of two antihypertensives. Our results support performance of AVS on all candidates for adrenalectomy for PA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume296
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • AVS
  • Adrenal venous sampling
  • Age
  • Aldosterone level
  • CT
  • Concordance
  • Cross-sectional imaging
  • MRI
  • Primary aldosteronism
  • Primary hyperaldosteronism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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