Immune suppression in calves with bovine immunodeficiency virus

Shucheng Zhang, Charles Wood, Wenzhi Xue, Samuel M. Krukenberg, Qimin Chen, Harish C. Minocha

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV) infection on immune functions and possible interactions between BIV and other bovine viruses in calves. Ten calves were inoculated intravenously with BIV, and five served as controls. An increased lymphocyte proliferation to BIV gag protein was demonstrated 2 to 6 weeks after BIV inoculation (P < 0.05). Lymphocyte subset differentiation revealed a decreased CD4/CD8 ratio (P < 0.05) during weeks 2 to 7, suggesting a possible immune dysfunction in BIV-infected calves. When the calves were inoculated with bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1), the antibody response to BHV-1 in BIV-infected calves was delayed and the antibody titers were significantly lower (P < 0.05). Injection of bovine viral diarrhea virus vaccine also elicited a lower neutralizing antibody response in BIV-infected calves. The results indicated that immune suppression occurred in BIV-infected calves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-235
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)

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