Plants have evolved a sophisticated innate immune system to contend with potential infection by various pathogens. Understanding and manipulation of key molecular mechanisms that plants use to defend against various pathogens are critical for developing novel strategies in plant disease control. In plants, resistance to attempted pathogen infection is often associated with hypersensitive response (HR), a form of rapid programmed cell death (PCD) at the site of attempted pathogen invasion. In this chapter, we describe a method for rapid identification of genes that are essential for plant innate immunity. It combines virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS), a tool that is suitable for studying gene function in high-throughput, with the utilization of immunity-associated PCD, particularly HR-linked PCD as the readout of changes in plant innate immunity. The chapter covers from the design of gene fragment for VIGS, the agroinfiltration of the Nicotiana benthamian plants, to the use of immunity-associated PCD induced by twelve elicitors as the indicator of activation of plant immunity.