The efficacy and safety of a gene-deleted bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) vaccine was determined in a bovine herpesvirus challenge trial in calves. Three different doses of the vaccine were administered intramuscularly at 105, 106 and 107 PFU/ml and compared to a commercial vaccine and non vaccinated control calves. Challenge was performed by intranasal aerosolization with the Cooper strain of BHV-1 (3 x 104 PFU/ml). The non- vaccinated calves shed significantly (P < 0.05) more virus than all other groups on days 4, 8 and 10 post challenge. By day 14 post challenge, antibody titers for BHV-1 of calves vaccinated with 107 PFU/ml were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than the commercial or non-vaccinated calves. Clinical scores of non-vaccinated calves were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than all other groups on days 4-14 post challenge. With both radioimmunoprecipitation and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (C-ELISA), calves in the gene- deleted vaccine groups mounted comparable specific responses against gB, gC and gD post vaccination as calves in the commercial vaccine group, but in a dose dependent manner. These data suggest that the gene-deleted BHV-1 vaccine tested may be used as an effective vaccine in controlling BHV-1 infections.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases