Canine mast cell tumours (MCTs) may be graded microscopically for prognostic purposes. Grade I (well-differentiated) and grade II (intermediate differentiation) tumours have an abundance of metachromatic granules within the cytoplasm; however, grade III (poorly differentiated) MCTs may be difficult to diagnose as they frequently have fewer discernable granules. Herein we report that a cross-reactive anti-human CD1a monoclonal antibody (clone O10) may be used in immunohistochemistry to identify canine MCTs of all grades. The antibody was applied to tissue sections from 48 canine MCTs of different histological grades. Serial sections from each tumour were stained with toluidine blue and safranin O to compare diagnostic sensitivity. All MCTs were labelled positively by the CD1a antibody, but histochemical staining was often equivocal and identification of mast cells was extremely difficult in some cases. This antibody did not label neoplastic cells in cases of canine histiocytoma, plasmacytoma or amelanotic melanoma; therefore, the reagent may be a valuable marker for the diagnosis of canine MCTs, especially those tumours of histological grade III.
- mast cell tumour
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine