Immunomodulatory Effects in Mice of Polyinosinic-Polycytidylic Acid Complexed with Poly-L-lysine and Carboxymethylcellulose

James E. Talmadge, Joanne Adams, Hamblin Phillips, Margaret Collins, Barbara Lenz, Mark Schneider, Erich Schlick, Ralf Ruffmann, Robert H. Wiltrout, Michael A. Chirigos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


In this report, we describe the immunomodulatory characteristics of poly(l,C)-LC, a synthetic, double-stranded nucleic acid polymer, polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid, that is complexed with poly-L-lysine and solubilized by the addition of carboxymethylcellulose. We consistently observed, both in vitro and in vivo, stimulation of macrophage cytotoxicity and augmentation of natural killer-cell activity by poly(l,C)-LC. This immunomodulator also increased the allogeneic mixed-lymphocyte response, without any blastogenic effect on responder cells cultured in the absence of allogeneic stimulator cells. Further, the addition of poly(l,C)-LC to an allogeneic mixed-lymphocyte tumor reaction did not stimulate the development of cytotoxic effector T-cells. Poly(l,C)-LC did, however, have adjuvant activity when admixed with irradiated tumor cells in the immunization of syngeneic mice. Unlike classic adjuvants, poly(l,C)-LC also enhanced the development of specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes when it was injected either i.v. or i.p. in conjunction with a vaccine delivered at an intradermal site. The results indicate that poly(l,C)-LC has considerable potential as an immunotherapeutic agent, with the ability not only to induce macrophage and NK cell activation but also to stimulate specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1058-1065
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Immunomodulatory Effects in Mice of Polyinosinic-Polycytidylic Acid Complexed with Poly-L-lysine and Carboxymethylcellulose'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this