Immunoselection of tumor variants resistant to antibody-mediated cytotoxicity - Their immunologic and metastatic characterization

Jean R. Starkey, William C. Davis, James E. Talmadge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The immunological characteristics of two series of metastatic variants of restricted genetic origin were related to their lung-colony-forming potential. A series of metastatic variants was isolated from a tumor-cell population in which heterogeneity appeared following short-term in vivo passage, while a second series of variants were immunoselected in vitro for resistance to antibody-complement-mediated cell lysis. In the case of the first series, the sensitivity of the individual variants to cell-mediated and antibody-complement-mediated cytotoxicity appeared to be partly determined by the number and rate of loss of antibody-binding sites on the cell surface. These characteristics also correlated with the efficiency of experimental metastasis in the animal. We compared the results reported herein with our previous studies of nonimmune parameters for this series of metastatic variants, and we conclude that immunological differences can be important to the efficiency of lung-colony formation. However, in the case of the second series of variants, despite selection in vitro for resistance to antibody-complement-mediated cell lysis, the behavior of these variants in the lung colony assay could not be predicted by the immunologic parameters examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-131
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Immunology Immunotherapy
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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