Abstract

Background Severe hypogammaglobulinemia (HGG) (IgG <400 mg/dL) following intestinal transplantation is common. Although IgG replacement therapy is commonly used, clinical outcomes associated with increasing IgG levels to >400 mg/dL are not well described. Methods Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to estimate survival, the log-rank test to compare survival distributions between groups, and the Fisher exact test to determine the association between HGG and rejection. Results A total of 23 intestinal transplant (IT) recipients with a median age of 2.3 years (range, 0.7-41 years) at the time of HGG diagnosis were included. The types of transplants were liver-small bowel (73.9%), liver-small bowel-kidney (8.7%), and small bowel only (17.4%). The 3-year survival after the diagnosis of HGG was 50.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 28.2%-68.7%). There was no difference in survival (P =.67) when patients were dichotomized based upon IgG level at last follow-up (IgG ≥400 mg/dL, n = 14; and IgG <400 mg/dL, n = 9). There was no also evidence of an association between survival and: total dose (P =.58), frequency (P =.11), and number of IgG doses administered (P =.8). There was no difference in survival between patients receiving (n = 12) or not receiving (n = 11) cytomegalovirus hyperimmunoglobulin (P =.10). Conclusions Improved survival rates were not found in our IT recipients with severe HGG with immunoglobulin therapy to IgG levels of ≥400 mg/dL, even when cytomegalovirus hyperimmunoglobulin was administered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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