Impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on axillary nodal involvement in patients with clinically node negative triple negative breast cancer

Carol S. Connor, Bruce F. Kimler, Joshua M.V. Mammen, Marilee K. Mcginness, Jamie L. Wagner, Samantha M. Alsop, Claire Ward, Carol J. Fabian, Qamar J. Khan, Priyanka Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We evaluated the impact of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy (NAC) versus primary surgery (PS) on axillary disease burden/surgery in clinically node negative Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC). Methods: Two hundred forty-three Stage I-III TNBC patients have enrolled on an IRB approved multisite prospective registry. Clinical and treatment information was collected. Results: One hundred fifty-five patients with clinically node negative TNBC were identified. 47%, 49%, and 4% of patients had T1, T2, and T3 disease, respectively. Patients underwent PS (103/155, 66%) or NAC (52/155, 34%) at the discretion of treating physicians. 17% of PS and 0% of NAC patients were node positive at surgery (P = 0.006). For T2 disease, 32% of PS and 0% of NAC patients were node positive at surgery (P = 0.001). NAC patients had a lower chance of positive SLNB (0% vs. 12%, P = 0.004) and undergoing ALND (2% vs. 22%, P = 0.001) than PS patients. Conclusion: In this clinically node negative TNBC cohort, all NAC-treated patients were node negative at surgery, whereas 17% of PS patients had involved axillary nodes. NAC should be considered for clinically node negative TNBC to reduce the extent of axillary surgery even if breast conservation is not planned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-202
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume111
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Axillary lymph node dissection
  • Clinically axillary lymph node negative
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Triple negative breast cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on axillary nodal involvement in patients with clinically node negative triple negative breast cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this