Impact of psychosocial factors on functional improvement in Latino older adults after Tai Chi exercise

Ka Chun Siu, Shireen S. Rajaram, Carolina Padilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increasing evidence underscores the health benefits of Tai Chi (TC), although there is limited evidence of benefits among racial and ethnic minorities. This study investigated the impact of psychosocial status on balance among 23 Latino seniors after a twice-a-week, 12-week TC exercise program. Functional status was measured at baseline, immediately after, and three months following the TC exercise program, using the Timed Up and Go Test and Tinetti Falls Efficacy Scale. Psychosocial status was measured at baseline by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire. Both measures of functional status improved and were sustained after three months of TC. Greater improvement was significantly related to a higher level of baseline social support. More depressed seniors reported less fear of falling after TC. Depression and social support are important moderators of functional improvement after TC among Latino seniors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Balance
  • Depression
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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