Impact of quality improvement on care of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in an internal medicine resident clinic

Robert M. Burkes, Takudzwa Mkorombindo, Udit Chaddha, Alok Bhatt, Karim El-Kersh, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Nancy Kubiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Guideline-discordant care of COPD is not uncommon. Further, there is a push to incorporate quality improvement (QI) training into internal medicine (IM) residency curricula. This study compared quality of care of COPD patients in an IM residents’ clinic and a pulmonary fellows’ clinic and, subsequently, the results of a quality improvement program in the residents’ clinic. Pre-intervention rates of quality measure adherence were compared between the IM teaching clinic (n = 451) and pulmonary fellows’ clinic (n = 177). Patient encounters in the residents’ teaching clinic after quality improvement intervention (n = 119) were reviewed and compared with pre-intervention data. Prior to intervention, fellows were significantly more likely to offer smoking cessation counseling (p = 0.024) and document spirometry showing airway obstruction (p < 0.001). Smoking cessation counseling, pneumococcal vaccination, and diagnosis of COPD by spirometry were targets for QI. A single-cycle, resident-led QI project was initiated. After, residents numerically improved in the utilization of spirometry (66.5% vs. 74.8%) and smoking cessation counseling (81.8% vs. 86.6%), and significantly improved rates of pneumococcal vaccination (p = 0.024). One cycle of resident-led QI significantly improved the rates of pneumococcal vaccination, with numerical improvement in other areas of COPD care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number88
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Medical Education
  • Pulmonary diseases
  • Quality improvement
  • Smoking cessation
  • Vaccinations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy
  • Health Information Management
  • Leadership and Management

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