Impacts from large corporate development on indigenous communities in arctic: Specific focus on social justice and sustainability for the Swedish Sami

Sonja H. Bickford, Jon Eric Krans, Nate Bickford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In recent decades more global attention has focused on the Arctic. This can be seen in the both the development of industries as well as the expansion of the Arctic Council's membership. Countries with at least some part located above the Arctic Circle are; Norway, Greenland, Canada, United States, Russia, Finland, and Sweden. The focus on the indigenous people, specifically the Sami of Lapland, presents a good case for assessing impacts of development on northern, Arctic, communities. In Sweden the population density is recorded as 21.4 people per square kilometer, with a higher population density in southern Sweden. The majority of the Sami people live in small to medium-sized communities, in remote regions, often resulting in a disconnect with the modern world. One industry that is already present in the Swedish Arctic is mining, especially for ore and carbon. However, now other industries, including multinational enterprises (MNE's), such as Facebook, which recently built a new five acre data center near the Arctic Circle, are beginning to realize the opportunities the Arctic region and its environment have to offer. Many are asking how sustainable is business development in the Arctic which can be answered by analyzing the impacts on the Sami communities and how people react and should react to these changes within their communities. This study analyzed current events through literature review and interviews of representatives from the impacted Arctic regions. The increased development has resulted in both negative and positive impacts such as reduction of land use, but increased employment opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015
EditorsKhalid S. Soliman
PublisherInternational Business Information Management Association, IBIMA
Pages287-296
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780986041952
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Event26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015 - Madrid, Spain
Duration: Nov 11 2015Nov 12 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015

Other

Other26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015
CountrySpain
CityMadrid
Period11/11/1511/12/15

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR)
  • Environmental impact assessment (EIA)
  • Indigenous
  • Social impact assessment
  • Social justice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Business and International Management

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  • Cite this

    Bickford, S. H., Krans, J. E., & Bickford, N. (2015). Impacts from large corporate development on indigenous communities in arctic: Specific focus on social justice and sustainability for the Swedish Sami. In K. S. Soliman (Ed.), Proceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015 (pp. 287-296). (Proceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015). International Business Information Management Association, IBIMA.