Impacts of circulating microRNAs in exercise-induced vascular remodeling

Gary P. Van Guilder, Claudia C. Preston, Thayne A. Munce, Randolph S. Faustino

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiovascular adaptation underlies all athletic training modalities, with a variety of factors contributing to overall response during exercise- induced stimulation. In this regard the role of circulating biomarkers is a well-established and invaluable tool for monitoring cardiovascular function. Specifically, novel biomarkers such as circulating cell free DNA and RNA are now becoming attractive tools for monitoring cardiovascular function with the advent of next generation technologies that can provide unprecedented precision and resolution of these molecular signatures, paving the way for novel diagnostic and prognostic avenues to better understand physiological remodeling that occurs in trained versus untrained states. In particular, microRNAs are a species of regulatory RNAs with pleiotropic effects on multiple pathways in tissue-specific manners. Furthermore, the identification of cell free microRNAs within peripheral circulation represents a distal signaling mechanism that is just beginning to be explored via a diversity of molecular and bioinformatic approaches. This article provides an overview of the emerging field of sports/performance genomics with a focus on the role of microRNAs as novel functional diagnostic and prognostic tools, and discusses present knowledge in the context of athletic vascular remodeling. This review concludes with current advantages and limitations, touching upon future directions and implications for applying contemporary systems biology knowledge of exercise-induced physiology to better understand how disruption can lead to pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2401-H2415
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume320
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Athletic
  • Endothelial
  • MicroRNA
  • Vascular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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