Impaired reversal but intact acquisition: Probabilistic response reversal deficits in adult individuals with psychopathy

Salima Budhani, Rebecca A. Richell, R. James R. Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

The performance of adult psychopathic individuals on a novel response reversal task involving 2 reward-punishment contingencies (100-0 and 80-20) was investigated. In line with predictions, adults with psychopathy presented with impairment on the response reversal component but not on the acquisition component of this task. This selective impairment for response reversal was seen for both reward-punishment contingencies and was related to the tendency of individuals with psychopathy to be less likely to stay with a rewarded correct response to a stimulus on the subsequent presentation of that stimulus. Results are discussed with reference to current models of the development of psychopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)552-558
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume115
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

Keywords

  • Fear dysfunction position
  • Integrated emotion systems model
  • Psychopathy
  • Response reversal
  • Reward-punishment contingencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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