The effects of phenobarbital on protein and glycoprotein synthesis and secretion were studied in rat liver slices. Phenobarbital (2 mM) decreased [14C]-glucosamine and [14C]leucine incorporation into liver proteins and markedly inhibited their incorporation into medium (secretory) proteins. This inhibitory effect of phenobarbital was dose dependent and not reversible under the conditions of this study. In the presence of cycloheximide, an inhibitor of peptide synthesis, phenobarbital still inhibited the release of glycoproteins into the medium; however, the specific activity of liver glycoproteins was increased. The effects of phenobarbital on hepatic macromolecular secretion, independent of its effects on synthesis, were determined by prelabeling proteins in a liver slice system with either [14C]leucine of [14C]glucosamine. When phenobarbital was present, the secretion of these prelabeled proteins into the medium was impaired. 12 h after intraperitoneal injections of phenobarbital, glycoprotein secretion was inhibited from liver slices prepared from the pretreated rats. This inhibition of secretion occurred even though protein synthesis was stimulated and intracellular glycosylations unaffected. The results of this study indicate that phenobarbital impairs the secretion of glycoproteins by the liver.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology