Impediments of Labor Contracts on Prison Administrators' Response to Staff-Inmate Sexual Misconduct

Gaylene S. Armstrong, Dennis Longmire, Doug J. Dretke, Kevin Steinmetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Sexual violence in adult correctional facilities led to the enactment of the 2003 Prison Rape Elimination Act as one approach to reducing this form of institutional violence. The current study examined collective bargaining agreements governing correctional agencies to identify impediments that may impact administrators' responses to sexual violence, specifically in instances of allegations of staff-inmate sexual misconduct. In addition, structured interviews and focus groups with correctional administrators and labor representatives were used to develop policy recommendations. Contract language and interview participants demonstrated that a myriad of cultural and structural characteristics of prisons as well as pragmatic considerations may serve to inhibit the implementation of some policy changes. Interview participants identified several insights about contemporary prison settings and modifications that may aid in reducing some forms of institutional violence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-346
Number of pages22
JournalCriminal Justice Policy Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • correctional policy
  • correctional staff
  • inmate assaults
  • prison rape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law


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