Importance of aspartate-70 in organophosphate inhibition, oxime re-activation and aging of human butyrylcholinesterase

Patrick Masson, Marie Thérèse Froment, Cynthia F. Bartels, Oksana Lockridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Asp-70 is the defining amino acid in the peripheral anionic site of human butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), whereas acetylcholinesterase has several additional amino acids, the most important one being Trp-277 (Trp-279 in Torpedo AChE). We studied mutants D70G, D70K and A277W to evaluate the role of Asp-70 and Trp-277 in reactions with organophosphates. We found that Asp-70 was important for binding positively charged echothiophate, but not neutral paraoxon and iso-OMPA. Asp-70 was also important for binding of positively charged pralidoxime (2-PAM) and for activation of re-activation by excess 2-PAM. Excess 2-PAM had an effect similar to substrate activation, suggesting the binding of 2 mol of 2-PAM to wild-type but not to the D70G mutant. A surprising result was that Asp-70 was important for irreversible aging, the D70G mutant having a 3- and 8-fold lower rate of aging for paraoxon-inhibited and di-isopropyl fluorophosphate-inhibited BuChE. Mutants of Asp-70 had the same rate constants for phosphorylation and re-activation by 2-PAM as wild-type. The A277W mutant behaved like wild-type in all assays. Our results predict that people with the atypical (D70G) variant of BuChE will be more sensitive to the toxic effects of echothiophate, but will be equally sensitive to paraoxon and di-isopropyl fluorophosphate. People with the D70G mutation will be resistant to re-activation of their inhibited BuChE by 2-PAM, but this will be offset by the lower rate of irreversible aging of inhibited BuChE, allowing some regeneration by spontaneous hydrolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume325
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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