Improving hospital-based point-of-care ultrasound cleaning practices using targeted interventions: a pre–post study

Daniel Van Kalsbeek, Karl Enroth, Elizabeth Lyden, Mark E. Rupp, Christopher J. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) devices are becoming more widely used in healthcare and have the potential to act as fomites. The objective of this project was to study the thoroughness of cleaning of POCUS machines before and after a quality improvement initiative. We designed a mixed-methods, pre/post study which took place over the course of one year at a university-affiliated health center. Cleaning rates of four ultrasound machines used by hospital medicine and critical care medicine services were evaluated using fluorescent marking. Interventions targeted physicians’ knowledge of best practices and improved access to cleaning supplies. Pre- and post-intervention cleaning rates were compared using a generalized linear model. The impact of the corona virus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on baseline cleaning rates was also evaluated. Physicians’ attitudes and knowledge of cleaning practices were evaluated via unpaired pre/post surveys. Results: There was significant improvement in thoroughness of cleaning following intervention (pre 0.62, SE 0.05; post 0.89, SE 0.07), p < 0.0001). There was no difference in baseline cleaning rates before (0.63, SE 0.09) and after (0.61, SE 0.1) the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic (p = 0.78). Post-intervention surveying found improved understanding of guideline-based cleaning practice, better performance on knowledge-based questions, and fewer reported barriers to machine cleaning. Conclusion: Thoroughness of cleaning of POCUS machines can be improved with practical interventions that target knowledge and access to cleaning supplies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number43
JournalUltrasound Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Cleaning
  • Disinfection
  • Infection control
  • Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS)
  • Quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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