Improving pediatric asthma care and outcomes across multiple hospitals

Flory Nkoy, Bernhard Fassl, Bryan Stone, Derek A. Uchida, Joseph Johnson, Carolyn Reynolds, Karen Valentine, Karmella Koopmeiners, Eun Hea Kim, Lucy Savitz, Christopher G. Maloney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gaps exist in inpatient asthma care. Our aims were to assess the impact of an evidence-based care process model (EB-CPM) 5 years after implementation at Primary Children's Hospital (PCH), a tertiary care facility, and after its dissemination to 7 community hospitals. METHODS: Participants included asthmatics 2 to 17 years admitted at 8 hospitals between 2003 and 2013. The EB-CPM was implemented at PCH between January 2008 and March 2009, then disseminated to 7 community hospitals between January and June 2011. We measured compliance using a composite score (CS) for 8 quality measures. Outcomes were compared between preimplementation and postimplementation periods. Confounding was addressed through multivariable regression analyses. RESULTS: At PCH, the CS increased and remained at >90% for 5 years after implementation. We observed sustained reductions in asthma readmissions (P =.026) and length of stay (P <.001), a trend toward reduced costs (P =.094), and no change in hospital resource use, ICU transfers, or deaths. The CS also increased at the 7 community hospitals, reaching 80% to 90% and persisting >2 years after dissemination, with a slight but not significant readmission reduction (P =.119), a significant reduction in length of stay (P <.001) and cost (P =.053), a slight increase in hospital resource use (P =.032), and no change in ICU transfers or deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Our intervention resulted in sustained, long-term improvement in asthma care and outcomes at the tertiary care hospital and successful dissemination to community hospitals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1602-e1610
JournalPediatrics
Volume136
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Nkoy, F., Fassl, B., Stone, B., Uchida, D. A., Johnson, J., Reynolds, C., Valentine, K., Koopmeiners, K., Kim, E. H., Savitz, L., & Maloney, C. G. (2015). Improving pediatric asthma care and outcomes across multiple hospitals. Pediatrics, 136(6), e1602-e1610. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-0285