Information available on the mutagenicity of a large number of indigenous drugs commonly employed in the Siddha and Ayurveda systems of medicine is scanty. In this context, the current investigation on plumbagin, 5-hydroxy-2methyl-1,4-napthoquinone, an active principle in the roots of Plumbago zeylanica used in Siddha and Ayurveda for various ailments, was carried out; 16 mg/kg b.w. (LD50) was fixed as the maximum dose. Subsequent dose levels were fixed as 50% and 25% of LD50 amounting to 8 mg and 4 mg/kg b.w., respectively, and given orally for 5 consecutive days in 1% Carboxyl methyl cellulose (CMC) to Swiss albino mice weighing 25-30 g. The micronucleus assay was done in mouse bone marrow. Plumbagin was found to induce micronuclei at all the doses studied (4 mg/kg, 8 mg/kg, 16 mg/kg b.w.), and it proves to be toxic to bone marrow cells of Swiss albino mice. Animal treated with cyclophosphamide (40 mg/kg b.w.) served as positive control. In addition, glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity was observed in control, plumbagin (4 mg, 8 mg, 16 mg/kg b.w., respectively), and genotoxin-treated experimental group of animals. No significant change in GST activity was observed with plumbagin dose of 4 mg/kg b.w., whereas GST activity was significantly inhibited by higher doses of plumbagin (8 mg and 16 mg/ kg b.w.) and cyclophosphamide.
- Micronucleus test
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Chemical Health and Safety