Inclusion in the clinical learning environment: Building the conditions for diverse human flourishing

Saleem Razack, Ingrid Philibert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Aim: While diversity, equity, and inclusion are much proclaimed aspirational goals in education programs, the clinical learning environment (CLE) frequently falls short of meaningful incorporation of these concepts in processes, policies, and local culture. In this paper, we explore how inclusion, diversity, and equity can and should be defined and operationalized within medical education. Methods: Three cases, organized around Hafferty’s curricular framework (formal, informal, and hidden), we illustrate lapses and potential best practices in inclusion in the CLE. Results: The essential “best-practice” of programs inclusive of diverse individuals is the design of policies, processes, and behavioral norms co-creatively with all community members. Potential pitfalls to greater inclusion include nostalgic reference to “the past”, a neutrality that is operationalized without the rudder of explicit values and not recognizing that ethical obligations between teachers, learners, and programs are at the heart of the discussion of how inclusive learning and work environments are built. Conclusion: Inclusive CLE’s provide space for co-creation, understand the need to ensure the voices of the vulnerable (i.e. learners) are heard and valued and through this promote the flourishing of diverse human capital, in keeping with a model that views diversity as a key attribute or organizational excellence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-384
Number of pages5
JournalMedical teacher
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 3 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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