Individual and combined effects of engineered peptides and antibiotics on Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms

Biswajit Mishra, Guangshun Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is involved in a variety of difficult-to-treat infections frequently due to biofilm formation. To identify useful antibiofilm strategies, this article evaluated efficacy of two newly engineered cationic antimicrobial peptides (17BIPHE2 and DASamP2), traditional antibiotics, and their combinations against biofilms at different stages. 17BIPHE2 is designed based on the 3D structure of human cathelicidin LL-37 and DASamP2 is derived from database screening. While both peptides show effects on bacterial adhesion, biofilm formation, and preformed biofilms, select antibiotics only inhibit biofilm formation, probably due to direct bacterial killing. In addition, the time dependence of biofilm formation and treatment in a static in vitro biofilm model was also studied. The initial bacterial inoculum determines the peptide concentration needed to inhibit biofilm growth. When the bacterial growth time is less than 8 h, the biomass in the wells can be dispersed by either antibiotics alone or peptides alone. However, nearly complete biofilm disruption can be achieved when both the peptide and antibiotics are applied. Our results emphasize the importance of antibiofilm peptides, early treatment using monotherapy, and the combination therapy for already formed biofilms of P. aeruginosa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number58
JournalPharmaceuticals
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • Antimicrobial peptides
  • Biofilms
  • Cathelicidin LL-37
  • Combination therapy
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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