Induction immunosuppressive therapy in the elderly kidney transplant recipient in the United States

Jagbir Gill, Marcelo Sampaio, John S. Gill, James Dong, Hung Tien Kuo, Gabriel M. Danovitch, Suphamai Bunnapradist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives The choice of induction agent in the elderly kidney transplant recipient is unclear. Design, setting, participants, & measurements The risks of rejection at 1 year, functional graft loss, and death by induction agent (IL2 receptor antibodies [IL2RA], alemtuzumab, and rabbit antithymocyte globulin [rATG]) were compared among five groups of elderly (>60 years) deceased-donor kidney transplant recipients on the basis of recipient risk and donor risk using United Network of Organ Sharing data from 2003 to 2008. Results In high-risk recipients with high-risk donors there was a higher risk of rejection and functional graft loss with IL2RA versus rATG. Among low-risk recipients with low-risk donors there was no difference in outcomes between IL2RA and rATG. In the two groups in which donor or recipient was high risk, there was a higher risk of rejection but not functional graft loss with IL2RA. Among low-risk recipients with high-risk donors, there was a trend toward a higher risk of death with IL2RA. Conclusions rATG may be preferable in high-risk recipients with high-risk donors and possibly low-risk recipients with high-risk donors. In the remaining groups, although rATG is associated with a lower risk of acute rejection, long-term outcomes do not appear to differ. Prospective comparison of these agents in an elderly cohort is warranted to compare the efficacy and adverse consequences of these agents to refine the use of induction immunosuppressive therapy in the elderly population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1178
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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