Infant mortality in American Indians and Alaska Natives 1995-1999 and 2000-2004

Patrik L Johansson, Weston Williams, Ayman El-Mohandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. (1) To determine the infant mortality rate (IMR) in American Indians/ Alaska Natives (AI/AN) and Whites between 1995-1999 and 2000-2004. (2) To compare the leading causes of infant mortality in AI/AN and Whites. (3) To examine differences in neonatal vs. postneonatal causes of death in Whites and AI/AN. Methods. Using the 1995-99 and 2000-04 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics national linked birth/infant death data, we examined neonatal and postneonatal IMR among AI/AN and Whites. Results. AI/AN experienced significantly greater overall IMR in 1995-1999 and 2000-2004 than Whites. While the reduction in the IMR between these time periods was statistically significant for Whites, the reduction among AI/AN was not. We found that AI/AN had an IMR 1.5 times as high as that of Whites. Conclusions. While the overall IMR has decreased in AI/AN, disparities in postneonatal IMR persist between AI/AN and Whites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1276-1287
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of health care for the poor and underserved
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 2013

Keywords

  • Alaska Native
  • American Indian
  • Health disparities
  • Infant mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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