One of the most dreaded complications of total hip arthroplasty is infection. Although the prevalence of periprosthetic infections is only 1 percent, the economic burden, as well as the likelihood of significant morbidity, and even mortality, make this complication potentially devastating. Fortunately, a number of preoperative and intraoperative diagnostic techniques are available to aid in determining the presence or absence of infection. Once an infection is confirmed, several treatment options are available to the treating physician. Knowledge of the proper indications for each technique ensures appropriate treatment and optimizes results.
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